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Eye health

Common eye problems

Many people suffer from eye problems. However, only a few visit an eye doctor or even have regular eye check-ups. Worst of it all, some may be suffering from various conditions without knowing. That said, this article will highlight some common eye conditions, their signs, and symptoms.

Glaucoma

red eye

Glaucoma is an eye condition that results from elevated intra-ocular pressure. This pressure usually affects the optic nerve. If not diagnosed on time it could lead to loss of vision. It is common among the elderly and African-Americans. Glaucoma can be classified into two main categories; open–angle or angle closure. Open-angle is the most common. It is characterized by reddening of the eye. On the other hand, angle-closure glaucoma has a sudden onset, it is painful, and the eyes have a red coloration. Treatment options for this condition include laser treatment, eye drops, and surgery.

Cataracts

Cataracts are associated with old age. However, medications, diabetes, ultraviolet light, and trauma can contribute to this eye condition. This condition is characterized by blurry vision and a cloudy lens. A cataract usually affects the cornea. Medical interventions for this disease include eyeglasses, magnifying lenses, or surgery.

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD)

This eye condition affects the …